Situated in the Mid-South Terai region of Nepal is the Chitwan National Park, which was originally known as the Royal Chitwan National Park ( RCNP ) as royalty used it for game hunting purposes. However, conservation orders were issued in 1973 to protect the endangered species of the region. In 1984, it was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO. In the past hunting and poaching of animals like the one horned rhino and the Bengal Tiger had reduced their numbers to the bare minimum; fortunately over the years conservation efforts have increased the numbers of these endangered animals.
The park is home to wide array of diverse flora and fauna and is an animal lover's, bird watcher's and botanist's paradise. Among the many species of mammals and reptiles found there are the one-horned rhino, rhesus monkeys, deer, sambar, gharials ( local crocodilians ), the fresh water dolphin which is now a rare feature and the elusive Bengal Tiger. Pheasants, hornbills, cranes are many of the hundreds of species of resident and migratory birds that co-habit the jungles and rivers of Chitwan and its adjoining areas.